Road Safety Rules in India: A Guide to Traffic Signs and Rules


Every year a huge number of road accidents occur in India. Therefore, it is important to follow the crucial safety rules of road for minimizing the cases of such accidents. For example, one should drive within the allowed speed limit and keep traffic signals in mind while driving. Additionally, it is critical to avoid drinking while driving. Apart from following these instructions, it is also essential to keep away mobile phones while you are in the driver’s seat. To reduce the risk of road accidents, you must also be careful about observing the safety rules of road and avoiding reckless driving. Do not forget to take proper measures for road safety.

If you are not aware of what is road safety rules, read further:-

Road Safety Rules in India

India has specific rules and regulations that all drivers must follow to ensure safe driving.

Here mentioned are some of the most important road safety rules in India:-

  • Speed Limits – Maintain the safe speed limit of your vehicle to avoid accidents.
  • Traffic Signals – Follow the traffic signals to reduce the risk of road mishaps.
  • Drink and Drive – Do not drink and drive as it might cause severe damage.
  • Driving Under the Influence(DUI) – Drinking under the influence of alcohol can be very risky so you must avoid it.
  • Use of mobile phones – Do not use mobile phones while driving.
  • Road Signs – Follow the road signs when you are moving on the road.
  • Overtaking – Avoid overtaking as it can lead to accidents and severe damage.
  • Seat Belts – You must wear seat belts while driving to stay safe in case of accidents.

Road Safety Tips in India

In addition to following the 5 road safety rules, here are some practical road safety instructions that can help you stay safe on the road.

1. Learn and follow safety rules for road

To begin with, you must follow all the essential traffic rules. It is important to learn all the critical safety rules of road. 

2. Maintain Your Vehicle

You must maintain the vehicle by getting it serviced on time. In case an accident took place then you must get it repaired to avoid accidents in future.

3. Avoid Distractions

You must completely focus on the road, look ahead and drive avoiding all the distractions to minimize the risk of road accidents.

4. Follow Lane Discipline

Drive carefully on the right lane and you must obey all the safety rules of road.

5. Wear Helmets

If you are riding a 2-wheeler, you must wear helmet. This will help prevent you from getting hurt while driving.

6. Avoid aggressive driving

One of the best ways to avoid road accidents is aggressive driving. It is better to drive at a slow speed rather than driving recklessly.

7. Use Dash Camera

By installing a car dashcam in your car, you will be able to keep a watch on the incidents occurring inside the vehicle. Thereby, ensuring the safety of the vehicle and the driver.

Importance of Traffic Rules in India

Following traffic rules helps to minimize the chances of road accidents. There are various other important of road safety rules in India.

1. They Reduce Accidents and Injuries

One of the major importance of traffic rules and signs is for maintaining safety. Various obstacles that occur on the road can cause harm and put drivers at risk, therefore, to reduce the possibility of accidents, it is essential to adhere to road safety and traffic rules.

2. They Help Manage Traffic Flow

Traffic rules not only help to maintain safety but it is also essential for the efficient movement of traffic. In many cities, heavy traffic can be a major issue. In order to control traffic flow, it is crucial to obey the safety rules of road.

3. They Help Protect Cyclists and Pedestrians

By following Indian road safety rules, pedestrians get to know where they can safely cross the road. It also helps warn drivers to respond to the presence of pedestrians.

What Are the Different Traffic and Road Safety Issues?

India is a country reported with a number of road crash deaths and injuries in the world. India constitutes 1% of the world’s vehicles. However, it accounts for more than 10% of all road crash deaths.

There are different types of traffic and road safety issues:-

1. Heavy Traffic Congestion

Traffic congestion is a major issue in India. Due to the increasing number of vehicles on the road, there is an increased risk of accidents.

2. Reckless driving

Today, careless driving continues to be a major problem on Indian roads. Drivers who speed and indulge in dangerous driving behaviours put themselves and others at risk.

3. Pedestrian safety

Pedestrians are often at risk of accidents. The number of motorists is increasing on the roads and therefore, the risk of accidents is also high.

Following road safety rules and regulations can minimize the chances of road accidents.

Road Safety Initiatives Taken by the Indian Government

A number of road safety initiatives have been taken by the Government of India:-

The Ministry of Road Transportation and Highways has taken a number of steps to remedy the situation. Some of the Important Schemes administered by the Road Safety Cell are Publicity Programs and Grants-in-aid to Voluntary Organizations for organising road safety programs. Other Indian road safety rules and initiatives include the National Highway Accident Relief Service Scheme, Refresher Training for Heavy Vehicle Drivers in Unorganized Sector and the Setting up of Model Driving Training schools.

Traffic Challan List and Fines

Traffic Offense DescriptionSection of DMVR/CMVR/M.V. ActCompounding Penalty Amount
Red Light Jumping119/177 MVARs. 00/-
Driving Left Hand Drive without Indicator120/177 MVARs. 500/-
Improper & Obstructive Parking122/177 MVARs. 500/-
Traveling on Running Board (Drive)123(1)/177 MVARs. 500/-
Traveling on Running Board (Passenger)123(2)/177 MVARs. 500/-
Triple Riding on two-wheeler149C MVARs. 1000/-
Driving without Helmet194D MVARs. 1000/-
Helmet W/o strap or Strap Not tied194D MVARs. 1000/-
Defective Helmet (Not Confirming BIS)194D MVARs. 1000/-
Not Displaying Number Plate or Defective or Fancy Number plate50, 51 CMVR/39/192 MVARs. 5000/-
Rear View Mirror Turned Inwards125(2)CMVR 1989/177 MV ActRs. 500/-
Misbehavior with Police Officer179 MVARs. 2000/-
Over Charging by TSR/Taxi11.8/177 DMVRRs. 500/-
Refusal by TSR/Taxi Driver11.9/177 DMVRRs. 500/-
Driving without Light (After sunset)105/177 CMVRRs. 500/-
Driving without Horn119(1)/177 CMVRRs. 500/-
Driving without Silencer120/190(2) CMVRRs. 5000/-
Driving with a Defective Number Plate50/177 CMVRRs. 5000/-
Violation of stop Line113(1)/177 DMVRRs. 00/-
Disobeying Lawful Directions132/179 MVARs. 2000/-
Disobey of lawful direction in case of an accident or damaging property132/179 MVARs. 2000/-
Allowing unauthorized person to drive5/180 MVARs. 5000/-
Driving without License3/181 MVARs. 5000/-
Driving by Minors4/181 MVARs. 500/-
Over Speeding LMV112.1/183(1) MVARs. 2000/-
Over Speeding MMV/HTV112.1/183(1) MVARs. 4000/-
Driving Dangerously184 MVARs. 00/-
Using ‘Unregistered Vehicles’ or Displaying “Applied For”39/192 MVARs. 2000/-
Violation of Yellow Line119/177 MVARs. 500/-
Violation of Restriction of Time on HTV’s/Care on various Road (No Entry )115/194(1) M.V. Act 1988Rs. 20000/-
Trucks carrying sand/dust without covering (No Entry)115/194(1) M.V. Act 1988Rs. 20000/-
Violation of mandatory signs (One Way No Right Turn, No Left Turn, No Horn)119/177 MVARs. 100/-
Excess Smoke99(1)(a)/177 DMVRRs. 500/-
W/O WiperCMVR 101/177 MVARs. 500/-
Tinted GlassCMVR 100.2/177 MVARs. 500/-
Blowing of Pressure Horn96(1)/177 DMVRRs. 5000/-
Using horn in No Honking/Silence Zone194F MVARs. 1000/-
Conductor without Uniform23(1)/177 DMVRRs. 500/-
Driver without Uniform7/177 DMVRRs. 100/-
Conductor without Badge22(1)/177 DMVRRs. 500/-
Conductor without Licence129/182 MVARs. 10,000/-
Carrying Passengers on Goods Vehicles84(2)/177 DMVRRs. 00/-
Carrying Goods on Passengers Vehicle84(3)/177 DMVRRs. 500/-
Use of Coloured Light on Motors Vehicle97(2)/177 DMVRRs. 500/-
Smoking in the Vehicles86.1(5)/177 DMVRRs. 500/-
Wrong Passing or Overtaking other Vehicle6(1)RRR/177 MVARs. 00/-
Drunken Driving185 MVARs. 00/-
Advertisements on VehicleDMVR 71.2/177 MVARs. 500/-
RC Violation39/192 MVARs 5,000/-
W/O PUCC115 CMVR /190(2)M.V.ARs 10,000/-
W/O Insurance146/196 MVARs 2,000/-
W/o RUPDCMVR 124.1/190.2 MV Act.Rs 10,000/-
W/o LUPDCMVR 124.1/190.2 MV ActRs 10,000/-
No Using Seat Belt194B MVARS 1000/-
W/o Reflector104/177 MVA ACTRs 500/-
Top Light Violation108(1) CMVR/177 MVARs 500/-
Using high beam112(4)(c)/177 MVARs 500/-
Without Fitness56/192 MVARs. 500/-
CARRYING HIGH/LONG LOAD / Protruding rods194(1A) MVARs. 20000/-
Improper or Obstructive Parking122/177 MVARs. 500/-
Violation of Mandatory Signs(One Way,No Right Turn)119/177 MVARs. 500/-
Unauthorized Use SirenDMVR 107/177 MVARs. 500/-
Playing MusicDMVR 102/177 MVARs. 500/-
Without Log BookCMVR 85(10) 177 MVARs. 500/-
W/O Permit66.1/192(A) MVARs 10,000/-
Not giving way to an emergency vehicle194E MVARs 10,000/-
Driving in NMV lanes115/194(1) MVARs. 20000/-
Plying of old age Diesel/Petrol vehicles (more than 15/10 years)39/192/207 MVARs. 00/-
Obstructive Driving(Extra Passenger on Driver Seat)125/177 MVARs. 500/-


Road safety is one of the most important issues in India. It is critical to maintain road safety to minimize the number of accidents that occur on the road. We must obey all the traffic signals, follow the permitted speed limits, and at the same time understand the significance of safe driving to reduce the risk of accidents.

Just the way we follow other governmental rules, we must follow the important road safety guidelines and traffic rules for road safety to ensure safety and also assure the safety of pedestrians and other motorists.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are traffic rules?

Traffic rules are a list of directions given to drivers either through police officers regulating traffic. These traffic rules must be followed by all the vehicle drivers for the safety of the pedestrians and to reduce the risk of road accidents.

2. Why is it important to obey speed limits?

Speed limits are set to keep the pedestrians as well as the motorists safe on the road. Therefore, the reason people should obey traffic rules is to maintain road safety and for the safety of the people walking or driving on the road.

3. Why is it important to wear seat belts?

If you wear a seat belt you will remain safe during a crash. Thus, wearing a seat belt keeps you safe and secure inside your vehicle. However, if you don’t wear your seat belt, you could be thrown out of the vehicle and suffer injuries.

4. What is the purpose of traffic signals?

Traffic signals have a wide variety of particular uses. For example,

  • To maintain a safe flow of traffic
  • To keep pedestrians and vehicles safe
  • To minimize accident frequency and severity
5. What are some examples of reckless driving?

Reckless driving is one of the many causes of road accidents. If the driver is driving in a careless way it means that he is driving recklessly. Such cases of harsh driving can lead to severe accidents.

6. What are the most important road safety rules to follow while driving in India?

There is a list of Indian road safety rules that you must follow while driving in India:-

  1. You must always walk on the sidewalk. Otherwise, you must walk on the side of the road in the direction facing the road traffic.
  2. You must turn off your headphones while crossing a street to stay aware of the approaching traffic.
  3. You must be extremely careful during gusty weather conditions.
7. Are there any specific road safety tips I should keep in mind while driving at night in India?

If you are driving at night in India, you must

  1. Check if all the lights of the car are working fine
  2. Clean windows and windscreens
  3. Do not overspeed
  4. Avoid driving if you are tired
  5. Be careful of drunk drivers
8. How can I ensure the safety of my children while travelling in a car in India?

To ensure the safety of your children while travelling in a car in India, you must activate the kids safety locks, and you must maintain a slow driving speed and avoid reckless driving.

9. What are the penalties for breaking road safety rules in India?

The penalty for driving a vehicle without a valid Driving Licence is increased from Rs. 500 to Rs. 5,000. However, the penalty for driving under the influence of alcohol has increased significantly to  Rs. 10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months. 

10. What precautions should I take while driving on highways and expressways in India?

Unpredictability can lead to a number of calamities on the highway. So, you must maintain a constant speed. Avoid night time driving to minimize the risk of accidents. Also, you must not involve in overtaking a vehicle and drive carefully.


  • Sonam

    Sonam is a Technical Product Content Writer at with 5 years of experience in writing. She is a knowledgeable author in the domains of car dashboard cameras, home cameras, and biometric face attendance machines. Through her expertise, she aims to provide comprehensive insights and up-to-date information to help readers make informed decisions in these cutting-edge fields.

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